modified on 29 mars 2009 at 04.38 ••• 2 458 views

Anadenanthera

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Innehåll

Generell information

Släkte i familjen Fabaceae

Innehåller främst bufotenin. Används i en traditionell beredning som kallas Yopo.

Acoulubrina.jpg
Frön
7011 1115748244 AnadenantheraScolubrina.jpg
Ung planta

Arter

Om innehållet

Källa 1

Considerable chemical work on Anadenanthera shows conclusively and consistently that bufotenine is the only significant alkaloid in mature seeds of both species used for snuffs (Torres & Repke 1996; de Smet & Rivier 1987; Sdvio Nunes et al. 1987; Rend6n 1984; Schultes et al. 1977; Yamasato 1972; Chagnon, Le Quesne & Cook 1971; Fellows & Bell 1971; Holmstedt & Lindgren 1967; Paris, Saint-Firmin & Etchepare 1967; lacobucci & Rdveda 1964; Giesbrecht 1960; Pachter, Zacharias & Ribeiro 1959; Alvares Pereira 1957; Fish, Johnson & Horning 1955; Stromberg 1954).

Up to 7.4% bufotenine has been found in seeds of A. peregrina var. peregrina, only 0.04% 5-MEO-DMT and 0.16% DMT;

12.4% bufotenine in A. colubrina var. Cebil, with but 0.06% and traces of both tryptamines, respectively.

Seven studies of 15 samples of Anadenanthera snuffs likewise showed bufotenine to be the only tryptamine present in significant amounts (up to 2.67%, with only traces of 5-MeO-DMT and DMT) (Torres et al. 1991; de Smet & Rivier 1985; Schultes et al. 1977; De Budowski et al. 1974; Holmstedt & Lindgren 1967; MariniBettblo, Delle Monache & Biocca 1964; Fish, Johnson & Horning 1955).

Källa: Pharmacology of Bufotenine av Jonathan Ott

Källa 2

Ämne Växtdel
5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine Bark
Serotonin N/A
N-Methyl-serotonin N/A
5-Methoxy-N-methyltryptamine Bark
Bufotenin Frön, bark
Bufotenine N-oxide Frön
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine Frön, fröskidor, bark
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine-N-oxide Frön
N-Methyltryptamine Bark
2-Methyl-6-methoxy-1,2,3-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole N/A
2-Methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole N/A
1,2-Dimethyl-6-methoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole N/A

Källa: Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America By Constantino Manuel Torres, David B. Repke

Källa 3

Indoler i Anadenanthera

Odling

Se separat arikel - Odling av Anadenanthera

Externa länkar

Psychotropic Plants In the Americas av Jan-Åke Alvarsson och Åke Hultkrantz

Erowid Anadenanthera (Yopo) Vault

Native hallucinogenic drugs piptadenias (Anadenanthera) by Granier-Doyeux

Om bruket av hallucinogena snuser av sydamerikanskt ursprung av S. Henry Wassén, Medicinsk Historisk Årsbok 1969

Use and traditional management of Anadenanthera colubrina (Vell.) Brenan in the semi-arid region of northeastern Brazil

Odling av Anadenanthera colubrina

Anadenanthera: Visionary Plant of Ancient South America Bok.