modified on 29 mars 2009 at 04.37 ••• 3 319 views

Acacia

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Generell information

Tillhör familjen Fabaceae.

Acacia kommer ifrån grekiskan akakia som betyder tagg. De är buskar, träd eller växter som växer i tropiska, subtropiska, savanner och halvöknar. Den kontinent som har störst artrikedom är Australien.

Innehåller tryptaminer såsom DMT & 5-MeO-DMT.

Arter

Namn Innehåll
Acacia albida DMT i bladen.
Acacia alpina Aktiva ämnen i bladen enligt bioassay
Acacia baileyana Tryptamin på hösten, inga alkaloider under sommaren,
tryptamin och tetrahydroharman på våren
Acacia confusa DMT och NMT i bladen, stammen och barken
Acacia cultriformis Tryptamine i bladen och stammen
Acacia laeta DMT i bladen
Acacia maidenii DMT och NMT i barken och stammen
Acacia mellifera DMT i bladen
Acacia nilotica DMT i bladen
Acacia phlebophylla DMT i bladen
Acacia podalyriifolia Tryptamin i bladen
Acacia polyacantha DMT i bladen
Acacia rigidula DMT m.m.
Acacia senegal DMT i bladen
Acacia seyal DMT i bladen
Acacia sieberiana DMT i bladen
Acacia simplex DMT och NMT i bladen, stammen barken
Acacia vestita Tryptamine i bladen och stammen

Källa: Shaman Australis

Se även en mer omfattande lista i källa [1]

Om innehållet

Acacia maidenii

Källa 1

In the Australian acacias only DMT or DMT in combination with N-methyl tryptamine(NMT) has been found, but this is only from two or three tests on two species, further study may find other related alkaloids. Acacia simplex also contains N-formyl-N-methyltryptamine with DMT and NMT and 2-methyl-1,2,3,4,tetrahydro-b-carboline in it’s phyllodes, but is not found in Australia.. NMT is not particularly psychoactive, but under conditions of MAO inhibition may be converted into DMT and other related compounds by enzymes such as INMT when ingested.

With keeping or under certain conditions DMT and other tryptamine alkaloids may react or change, eg DMT may change to 5-hydroxy-DMT (Bufotenine), an alkaloid also found with DMT in some plants, but generally not recognised as being ‘hallucinogenic’, it does however have a strong and possibly dangerous effect on the heart. I have no information on the effects of N-formyl-N-methyltryptamine. 5-methoxy-DMT occurs quite commonly with DMT in many of the plants from central and south America and elsewhere. Both 5-methoxy-DMT and DMT under certain conditions, possibly including in the body during metabolism, may convert into b-carboline alkaloids such as 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-b-carboline and it’s 2-methyl analog, which interestingly is found along with DMT in a. simplex.

Acacia complanata has been reported to contain the b-carboline alkaloids N-methyl-tetrahydroharman and tetrahydroharman, and a. baileyana has been reported to contain the alkaloids tryptamine and/ or tetrahydroharman at different times of the year in the foliage. It seems that the metabolic pathways for these two types of alkaloids have some relationship as they are found together in plants from not only the mimosaceae, but also the poaceae (phalaris spp), myristicaceae (virola spp) and other sections of the leguminosae (desmodium spp). The b-carboline alkaloid, 6-methoxy-tetrahydroharman is reported to occur naturally as a hormone in the pineal gland and to be ‘hallucinogenic’ above 1.5 mg/ kg ( this may infact be 5-methoxy-N-acetyltryptamine, or melatonin, a hormone produced at night by the pineal gland, whereas serotonin, 5-hydroxytryptamine, is produced during the day. Melatonin has recieved much attention recently as a nootropic type drug, and to treat insomnia. It is obviously very closely related to the entheogenic tryptamines.).

Källa: [2]

Externa länkar

  1. Acacia Wikipedia (en)
  2. Acacia and Entheogenic tryptamines

Acacia - Google Bildsökning

Erowid Acacia Vault

Australian and extra Australian Acacia Mycket information!

Institutionen för Läkemedelskemi, Avdelningen för Farmakognosi